Partial Or Hemiarthroplasty: Definition, Signs & Symptoms And Treatment
Partial or hemiarthroplasty is a name given to the shoulder replacement where the head of the broken humerus gets replaced with an artificial joint, and the reconstruction of the broken bone is done around the artificial joint. Partial shoulder arthroplasty is a highly emerging area of orthopaedics that is focused on correcting the specific painful parts of the articulation of the glenohumeral. The shoulder arthroplasty encompasses the surgery procedures with the help of hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder replacement conditions.
The replacement of an arthritic shoulder or an injured shoulder is quite rare as compared to that of the knee or hip replacement. The surgeries for the shoulder replacement are less common than the hip and knee replacement surgeries. A partial or hemiarthroplasty can be important if the patient has severe arthritis or have recently undergone a traumatic injury on the shoulder which made the shoulder muscles stiff or less active. People who play outdoor games such as tennis and badminton are prone towards the wear and tear on the shoulder joint. The untreated injuries can lead to osteoarthritis shortly.
The shoulder replacement surgery provides same advantages as compared to the other joint replacement procedures including the joint pain relief and restoration of the movements of normal joints.
A shoulder hemiarthroplasty is done when the glenoid socket is intact and does not require replacement. In this case, the humeral component gets implanted, and the humeral head only gets replaced. This type of a replacement includes replacement of only the ball of the shoulder joint.
Signs And Symptoms Of Shoulder Hemiarthroplasty
The shoulder joint is made of three basic bones namely, the scapula, clavicle, and the humerus. Any kind of damaged caused to the shoulder joint can result in both ageing and degenerative changes along with the injury. A partial Arthroplasty of the shoulder is recommended if a person indicates:
• Osteoarthritis: the joint disease of a degenerative nature is also a result of age-related changes in the joint health, but it might also occur in the cases of young children who are suffering from metabolic disorders and of prolonged use of the body part.
• Any complication related to rheumatoid arthritis.
• Any complications from post-traumatic arthritis.
• Any damage to the ligaments of the shoulder.
• Intra-articular fractures along with the irreversible damage to the bones and the articular surfaces.
• Any wound penetrating in the joint.
• Any serious complications from the previous surgical intervention on the shoulder joint.
Best Treatment for osteoarthritis
Currently, the method of underlying osteoarthritis is not able to get reversed but the symptoms of which can certainly be managed with proper lifestyle changes, physical therapies, medications, and partial or hemiarthroplasty. Achieving a healthy weight and exercising regularly are the two most important ways that can treat osteoarthritis naturally. Visiting the doctor may suggest you for certain medications like acetaminophen, NSAIDs, and Duloxetine, etc. you might also get recommendations for certain types of therapies such as Tai chi and yoga, occupational or physical therapy, etc.
If your condition has deteriorated to the extreme, the doctor will send you to the surgery department for surgical methods such as cortisone injections, lubrication injections, realignment of the bones, or joint replacement surgery. A joint replacement surgery or arthroplasty is a process where the surgeon will remove your damaged joint areas and replace them with the plastic and metal parts. There are however risks involved in surgical procedures such as blood clots and infections. The artificial joints tend to come out accidentally and might require replacement again.